On Tuesday, November 30, the Secretary of State for International Trade announced that the TRA recommendation on imports of Turkish rainbow trout would be maintained and that the trade remedy measure on these goods would remain in place. You can read the TRA’s final decision on this matter in its public record.
This measure covers live, fresh, chilled, frozen or smoked trout, in the form of whole, gutted and filleted fish. The TRA report recommends that the existing UK trade remedy measure on these imports be extended for five years, extending protections to UK rainbow trout farms that could otherwise be damaged by subsidized imports from Turkey.
As part of its assessment, TRA found that dropping the measure could threaten local jobs due to competition from Turkey, leading some companies to withdraw from the market. Concentrated rainbow trout production sites can be found in Northern Ireland, northern and southern England and Scotland.
Industry reacts to initial findings
On June 25, the TRA released a key facts statement, setting out initial findings on the measures. Industries in the UK and overseas had 30 days to review and comment on the findings before the TRA made its recommendation to the Secretary of State. Some important submissions have been made at this point.
TRA Managing Director Oliver Griffiths commented: âThe majority of UK rainbow trout producers are small businesses and we have provided generous extensions to help them provide the necessary evidence during a difficult time for the industry. British industry. We have also provided extensions to participating foreign exporters. Nonetheless, I am pleased that we were able to complete a full review of the measures and that the Secretary of State accepted our findings.
About TRA and trade remedies
The Trade Remedies Authority (TRA) is the UK body that examines whether trade remedies are needed to address unfair import practices and unanticipated import surges.
The TRA is an independent body of the Department of International Trade (DIT) and was launched on June 1, 2021. Prior to its launch, the organization operated as the Trade Remedies Investigations Directorate (TRID) of the DIT.
Countervailing measures are one of the three types of trade remedies authorized by the World Trade Organization (WTO). They are used when goods imported into a country benefit from certain types of subsidies. The other two types of measures are anti-dumping measures (which are used when goods are dumped in a country at prices lower than those for which they would be sold in their country of origin) and measures of backup, which deal with unexpected import surges.
When the UK left the EU, it moved to 43 trade remedies that affected UK industries in UK law. The TRA was then required to conduct a review of each measure. Indeed, the measures were initially put in place on the basis of data from all EU Member States. If the UK is to keep them, it must demonstrate that they are necessary to protect against unfair trade practices that harm or could harm UK industries.
On the transitional review of UK measures on imports of Turkish rainbow trout
This review concerned a countervailing measure applying to certain rainbow trout originating in Turkey. The review was initiated on March 4, 2020 and the investigation covered the period from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019. In order to assess injury, we examined the period from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019.
The measure covers rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) which is either live, fresh, chilled, frozen or smoked, whether as whole fish (with head and gills), gutted, weighing 1.2 kg or less each, or without the head, without gills or eviscerated (weighing 1 kg or less each), or in the form of fillets (weighing 400 g or less each) originating in Turkey.
The review found that numerous subsidy programs run by the Turkish government are still in place and that if the measures were removed, the subsidized imports would be likely to harm the UK trout industry.
As part of its review, the TRA performed an economic benefit test to take into account:
- the injury caused by the importation of subsidized rainbow trout to the UK industry and the benefits to UK industry of removing this injury
- the economic importance of the industries and consumers affected in the UK
- likely impact on affected industries and consumers in the UK
- the likely impact on specific geographic areas and groups in the UK
- the likely consequences for the competitive environment and the structure of the UK market for these goods.